Yvert n° = type 4. Yvert n° = type 1. 2 interesting paper types for n° See pictures for a proper impression. Catalogue value € (Yvert ). Münzkatalog-Online. Diese Domain eignet sich fuer Themen rund um Muenzen. Zum Heranzoomen mit der Maus über das Bild fahren-Zum Vergrößern bitte anklicken. Im Online.
Münzkatalog-Online. Alte Münzwerte, Maße und Gewichte. Münzen: 1 Mark = 36,84 Goldmark. 1 Solidus = 3,07 Goldmark. 1 Denar = 0,25 Goldmark. 1 Taler ab = Gewicht = Yvert n° = type 4. Yvert n° = type 1. 2 interesting paper types for n° See pictures for a proper impression. Catalogue value € (Yvert ). Vergleicht man die Anzahl der verschiedenen Münzwerte zu D-Mark-Zeiten mit denen der Euro-Münzen, stellt man fest: ? Vergleicht man die. Eine andere trieb acht Munzwerte. die in einer einzigen Stunde Metallf'cticte ansprcigten. und zugleich die Zainen fireckten. ausi'ctictelten u. thuisserver.nu Diese Domain eignet sich fuer Themen rund um Muenzen. Zum Heranzoomen mit der Maus über das Bild fahren-Zum Vergrößern bitte anklicken. Im Online. gestreifet, aber set: Quetschhammer ist derjenige, womit dem Geldé bep denreider sind, als dieselben. dem Munzwerte die Rundung gegeben wird.
Yvert n° = type 4. Yvert n° = type 1. 2 interesting paper types for n° See pictures for a proper impression. Catalogue value € (Yvert ). gestreifet, aber set: Quetschhammer ist derjenige, womit dem Geldé bep denreider sind, als dieselben. dem Munzwerte die Rundung gegeben wird. Eine andere trieb acht Munzwerte. die in einer einzigen Stunde Metallf'cticte ansprcigten. und zugleich die Zainen fireckten. ausi'ctictelten u. thuisserver.nu
Munzwerte - Stockbilder mithilfe von Tags suchenDie grössten Münzen Dissertationskonzept in Oblonge. Die grössten Münzen bestanden in oblongen auch runden, seltener cocons- und eiförmigen bis handgrossen, gehämmerten Goldblechen von 2—3 mm. Notwendig immer aktiv.
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Finally, the invention makes it possible to set up a transaction memory as part of the user evaluation. All operations of the coin board, ie inserting coins and removing coins, are stored in a transaction memory.
Incorrect removal or deposit or insertion of coins that does not match the m calculated by a cash register is reliably detected and logged.
A continuation of operations can also be blocked in the event of such incorrect operation. As a result, intended or unintentional mamming of the coin inventory of a till is possible.
A coin shaft in the sense of the invention is not necessarily arranged vertically. Rather, it is also possible to cool it down from the vertical to the horizontal.
In the case of the horizontal orientation of a coin shaft, it can be ensured, for example, by force locking, for example friction locking, that stacked coins do not fall over in the coin shaft.
The term stack of coins refers to a succession of coins, beginning at one end of a coin shaft. Here, stacked coin surfaces touch with their opposing main surfaces, unless otherwise described below.
The cross-section of a coin shaft can be matched to a coin unit in different ways. In principle, the cross-section can be matched to the shape of the coin, ie circular or polygonal with dimensions corresponding to the coin unit.
The contact of the circumferential surfaces of the coin with the coin shaft can be essentially flat or punctiform or both. In the case of point contact, at least one support element is provided with a support surface which lies on the circle or polygon.
The means for detecting the number of stacked coins can be designed in a wide variety of ways. In one embodiment of the invention, the means for detection are a switching element strip with a plurality of switch elements, which extends over the entire coin shaft, based on the longitudinal extension of the coin shaft, the distance between adjacent switch elements corresponding to the height of a coin.
Each switch element is actuated by a coin when it is inserted. This actuation takes place through the cylindrical surface of a coin.
The number of switch elements of a switch element bar ultimately corresponds to the maximum number of coins that can be stacked in a coin slot. The switch states of all switch elements of a switch element bar can easily be electronically evaluated in a suitable manner, as a result of which the number of stacked coins is ultimately detected.
From this, the total value of the coins in a coin shaft can be determined in the evaluation device. Since all coin chutes are each equipped with a switch element bar connected to the evaluation device, the total value of all coins inserted into the coin board can also be determined electronically.
Alternatively, the means for detection can be a reflection light barrier bar with a plurality of reflection light barriers extending over the entire coin shaft, with reference to the longitudinal extension of the coin shaft, the distance between two adjacent reflection light barriers corresponding to the height of a coin.
A reflection light barrier typically consists of a light emitter and a light sensor, both of which are connected to form a structural unit.
The light emitter emits the light in the direction of a cylinder surface of an inserted coin. The light reflected from the cylinder jacket surface falls on the light sensor, which thus detects a coin present.
If there is no coin at the height of a reflection light barrier, the light sensor in question does not detect any reflected light.
In a further alternative, the means for detection are a photo element bar with a plurality of photo elements, which extends over the entire coin shaft, with reference to the longitudinal extension of the coin shaft, the distance between two adjacent photo elements corresponding to the height of a coin, and with the A light source is arranged on top of the stack of the coin shaft.
In this embodiment, all photo elements in the height of which coins are located are ultimately shaded. Compared to the above embodiment, only one light source is required.
In a further alternative embodiment, the means for detection are one over the entire Munzschacht, based on the longitudinal extension of the Munzschachtes, extending light barrier element bar with a plurality of light barrier elements, the distance between two neighboring light barrier elements corresponding to the height of a coin, and each light barrier element, based on an orthogonal to the longitudinal extension of the Munzschachtes, one light emitter and one has opposite light sensor.
If the light beam directed from the light emitter onto the light sensor is interrupted by an inserted coin, this is detected by the light sensor.
In a further embodiment of the invention, the means for detection are an optical distance measuring device with a light emitter and a light sensor, the light emitter and light sensor being arranged at the end of the coin slot on the top of the stack and directed towards the uppermost coin arranged in the coin slot.
The distance measurement can take place, for example, according to the Doppler principle or the triagulation principle for example, according to a following exemplary embodiment.
In both cases, the intensity of the reflected light can also be measured and evaluated. An evaluation based on such intensity measurements, possibly wavelength-selective, can also be carried out alone.
In the case of the Doppler principle, the uppermost coin in a coin stack is irradiated with coherent light, for example by means of a laser diode, and reflected laser light is captured by a sensor and subjected to a phase analysis.
In the case of the triangulation process, a light source is set up, which is opposite to the longitudinal extension of the coin shaft angled light beam, for example, emitted by 1 to 20 degrees.
Laser light reflected from the uppermost coin is collected by a CCD sensor, which uses location resolution to detect the position of the incident light beam.
The distance of the uppermost coin can ultimately be determined from the position of reflected laser light. Due to the known thickness of a coin of a specific coin unit and the geometry, in particular the length of a coin shaft and the arrangement of the distance measuring device, it is easy to calculate the number of coins inserted from the distance of the uppermost coin and thus ultimately the total value of the coins inserted.
This calculation is carried out in the context of the evaluation unit m in a manner familiar to the person skilled in the art.
In addition to laser diodes, any light sources for incoherent light can be considered as the light source, as long as focusing is set up on an essentially parallel light beam with limited light spot on the surface of the coin.
An embodiment of the invention of independent importance is characterized in that each coin shaft has at least one sectioning element, by means of which a coin shaft is divided into at least two sections for receiving a defined number of coins.
The defined number of coins can range from 5 to , preferably from 10 to 50, most preferably from 20 to Correspondingly, an error can result in an embodiment with a distance measuring device, since the number of coins inserted is calculated on the basis of the actually measured distance of the uppermost coin and assuming a correct coin height or thickness.
With a sectioning element, a coin shaft is partitioned into m sections, in which a small number of coins can be inserted compared to the entire coin shaft.
The number of coins within a section is to be dimensioned such that experience of wear or the like can be expected from experience. The maximum number of coins in a section is selected on the basis of the tolerances such that an accumulated error of the same misregistration is less than one coin, better less than 0.
It goes without saying that the gaps between coins of different sections that occur due to the sectioning elements are taken into account when arranging and designing the means for detection.
In the case of embodiments with strips, this means that the distance between the elements in the case of two adjacent coins of different sections is formed from the sum of the height of a coin and the sectioning element.
This can take place, for example, in that the maximum number of coins for each section is stored in the evaluation unit and that when a number of coins in a coin shaft, which is the sum of all full sections plus one coin, is reached or numbered by the evaluation device, a reference point measurement the new section is saved on the first coin and the distance value is saved.
This distance value is used to restart the payment for the section in question, whereby the arrangement and thickness of the sectioning elements are automatically determined and taken into account.
Different variants of a security check can be set up within the scope of the various embodiments of the invention. For example, in the case of embodiments with switch elements, reflection light barriers or light barrier elements, it is possible to detect empty spaces within a stack of coins.
These spaces can be detected and taken into account when calculating the total value. An indication of the presence of unwanted spaces is also possible.
In addition or alternatively, detection of one. Blank a warning signal can be given optically or acoustically.
Furthermore, it is possible that the evaluation unit is initialized when the coin board is empty and the successive insertion of individual coins is detected and fed to the evaluation unit.
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